Optical Instrumentation

Martha Rosete-Aguilar

Obtained a BSc in Physics from the National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, in 1989; a Master of Science in Applied Optics in 1990 and completed a PhD in 1994 at the Imperial College of Science and Technology of the University of London, Great Britain.  In 1994 she joined UNAM as a research scientist at the Instituto de Ciencias Aplicadas y Tecnología, ICAT, and was promoted to University Professor in April 2019.  She teaches optics to undergraduates in the School of Science and to graduate students at the Electrical Engineering School and the Physical Science School at UNAM. Her main research interests include geometrical optics, optical design, instrumental optics, the propagation of light in birefringent lenses and in ultrafast optics working on the mathematical modelling of the propagation and focusing of ultrashort pulses of light and the optical design of ultrashort laser cavities. She has served as Topical Editor for Applied Optics, a journal from The Optical Society-OSA in USA, from September 2016 to March 2019, and as Deputy Editor for the same journal from March 2019. She was invited by the OSA Board of Directors to serve as a member of the R.W. Wood Prize Committee for a term beginning 1 March 2017 and ending 29 February 2019, a prize established in 1975 to recognize an outstanding discovery, scientific or technical achievement, or invention in the field of optics. Her main work at UNAM is research, lecturer and as thesis´s supervisor to all levels: PhD, master and bachelor. She has a wide participation in academic committees at UNAM and outside. Currently she is the head of the laboratory of optical instrumentation and head of the optics workshop.

  • Optical design

  • Ultrafast optics

  • Microscopy

  • Optical instrumentation

  • Instrumentation and application of optical polarimetry.
  • Modelling of the wavefront aberration using Zernike polynomials for applications in femtosecond pulses.
  • Instrumentation for the characterization of ultrashort pulses in time and space.
  • Polarimetric microscope for the analysis of semitransparent samples inmerse in water.
  • Construction of an automated low-cost optical microscope.
  • Measuring wavefront aberration using interferometry.
  • Selected topics in Instrumentation (Optics), Postgraduate studies in Electrical Engineering, UNAM.
  • Selected topics in Instrumentation (Optical Design), Postgraduate studies in Electrical Engineering, UNAM.
  • Geometrical Optics, Postgraduate studies in Physical Science, UNAM.
  • Optics, Bachelor in Physics, School of Sciences, UNAM.


  • José Agustín Moreno Larios; Doctorado en Ingeniería Eléctrica- Instrumentación, UNAM

  • Efrén Ulloa Peña; Doctorado en Ingeniería Eléctrica- Instrumentación, UNAM

  • Adrián Aupart Acosta; Doctorado en Ingeniería Eléctrica- Instrumentación, UNAM


  • Rolando Fleites Gutiérrez; Maestría en Ingeniería Eléctrica-Instrumentación, UNAM.

  • Rosa Alejandra Ramírez Ramírez; Maestría en Ingeniería Eléctrica-Instrumentación, UNAM.

  • J. A. Moreno-Larios, C. Ramírez-Guerra, R. Contreras-Martínez, M. Rosete-Aguilar* and J. Garduño-Mejìa, “Algorithm to filter the noise in the spectral intensity of ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Opt. 59(24), 7233-7241 (2000).


  • J. A. Moreno-Larios, M. Rosete-Aguilar, O.G. Rodrìguez-Herrera, and J. Garduño-Mejía, “Impact of frequency-dependent spherical aberration in the focusing of ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 59(24), 7247-7257 (2000).


  • R. Contreras-Martínez, A. Aupart-Acosta, M.Rosete-Aguilar, J.A. Moreno-Larios, and J. Garduño-Mejía, “Wavelet-based method for spectral interferometry filtering,” Appl. Opt. 59(32) 10130-10137 (2020).


  • C. Ramírez-Guerra, M. Rosete-Aguilar and J. Garduño-Mejía, “Simultaneous measurement of the DC-Two Photon Absorption signal offset and the amplitude of the intensity autocorrelation in the focusing of femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Opt. 56(6), 1519-1523 (2020).


  • S. Calixto, V. Piazza, A.M. González-Suárez, J. L. García-Cordero, N.C. Bruce, M. Rosete-Aguilar and G. Garnica, “Liquids refractive index measured through a refractometer based on diffraction gratings,” Optics Express, 27(24), 34705-34730 (2019).


  • P. Yepiz-Graciano, A. Michel Angulo-Martínez, D. López-Mago, G. Castro-Olvera, M. Rosete-Aguilar, J. Garduño-Mejía, R. Ramírez Alarcón, H. Cruz Ramírez and Alfred B. U´Ren, “Interference effects in quantum optical coherence tomography using spectrally engineered photon pairs,” Scientific Reports, 9:8954 (2019).


  • O.G. Rodríguez-Herrera, J. Alejandro Franco-Ortega, M. Rosete-Aguilar, N. C. Bruce and J. Garduño-Mejía, “Experimental observation of predictions of the generalized van Cittert-Zernike theorem for quasi-homogeneous planar electromagnetic sources,” J. Opt. 21 075601 (2019).


  • J. Zapata-Farfán, R. Contreras-Martínez, M. Rosete-Aguilar, J. Garduño-Mejía, P. Castro-Marín, O.G. Rodríguez-Herrera, N.C. Bruce, M. Ordóñez-Pérez, N. Qureshi, and G. Ascanio, “Low-energy/pulse response and high resolution-CMOS camera for spatiotemporal femtosecond laser pulses characterization @ 1.55mm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 90, 045116 (2019)


  • G. Castro-Olvera, J. Garduño-Mejía, M. Rosete-Aguilar, “Efficiency signal conversion parameter to evaluate astigmatic fs-OPO cavities”, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 90(1), 015104 (2019).


  • P. Castro-Marín, G. Castro-Olvera, J. Garduño-Mejía, M. Rosete-Aguilar, N.C. Bruce, D.T. Reid and O.G. Rodríguez-Herrera, “Autocorrelation z-scan technique for measuring the spatial and temporal distribution of femtosecond pulses in the focal region of lenses,” Opt. Express, 25, No.13, pp14473, (2017).


  • Alemán-Castañeda, L.A. and Rosete-Aguilar, M. “Deviation from orthogonal polarization for ordinary and extraordinary rays in uniaxial crystals,” JOSA A, 33(4) 677-682 (2016) y Alemán-Castañeda, L.A. and Rosete-Aguilar, M. “Reflection formulae for ray tracing in uniaxial anisotropic media using Huygen´s principle,” JOSA A, 33(11) 2198-2205 (2016). Artículos en la lista de “The Top Downloaded Articles in Physical Optics from Journal of the Optical Society of America A in year 2016”.

  • MA González-Galicia, J. Garduño-Mejía, M. Rosete-Aguilar, NC Bruce and R. Ortega-Martínez, “Effects of primary spherical aberration, coma, astigmatism, and field curvature on the focusing of ultrashort pulses: Gaussian illumination and experiment”, JOSA A, 28(10), 1990-1994, (2011). Artículo citado en dos Patentes Internacionales. (1) “Lenses, devices, methods and systems for refractive error” US Patent 9,201,250 (2015) y (2) “Lenses, devices and methods for ocular refractive error”, US Patent 9,195,074, (2015).

  • M. Rosete-Aguilar and J.L. Rayces, “Eye rotation and vignetting in visual instruments”, Applied Optics, 41, No. 31, pp. 6593-6602, (2002). Artículo citado en: Gross, H., Blechinger, F., Achtner, B. “Handbook of Optical Systems, Vol. 4: Survey of optical instruments”, Editorial Wiley (2015).

  • Rosete-Aguilar M., Estrada-Silva F. C., Bruce N.C., Román-Moreno, C.J. and Ortega-Martínez, R., “Calculation of temporal spreading of ultrashort pulses propagating through optical glasses”, Rev. Mex. Fís., 54, No. 2, 141-148, 2008. Artículo citado en: Ultrashort Pulse Laser Technology, Laser sources and applications, de la serie Springer Series in Optical Sciences. Editors: Nolte, S., Schrempel, F., Dausinger, F. in Chapter 12, 245-281, (2015).

  • M. Rosete.-Aguilar, “Application of the extended first-order theory to the correction of secondary spectrum”, Rev. Mex. Fís., 43, No. 6, 895-905, (1997) y M. Rosete-Aguilar, “Correction of secondary spectrum using standard glasses”, Design and Engineering of Optical Systems, Proc. Europto series 2774, 378-386, (1996). Artículos citados en la Patente Internacional titulada: “Lens system with corrected secondary spectrum”, Application number: PCT/UA2005/000028, Publication Number: WO/2006/091181. Under patent cooperation treaty: http://www.wipo.int or http://www.wipo.int/pctdb/en/wo.jsp?wo=2006091181.

  • J. L. Rayces and Martha Rosete-Aguilar, “Differential equation of the normal glass dispersion”, International Optical Design Conference, Leo R. Gardner and Kevin P. Thompson editors, Hawaii, USA, Proceedings of SPIE 3482, 332-343, (1998) y J. L. Rayces and Martha Rosete-Aguilar, “Selection of glasses for achromatic doublets with reduced secondary spectrum”, Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Systems Engineering, R.E. Fischer, R.B. Johnson, W.J. Smith, W.H. Swantner, editors. 2-4 Agosto, San Diego, USA, Proceedings of SPIE 4093, 36-46, (2000). Artículos citados en: M.J. Kidger, “Intermediate Optical Design”, Chapter 5. Secondary spectrum and apochromats, SPIE Press, Bellingham, Washington USA, (2004). M.J. Kidger es un reconocido diseñador óptico británico, en cuya memoria se inició la beca The Michael Kidger Memorial Scholarships, http://www.kidger.com

  • M. Rosete-Aguilar and J. Maxwell, “Design of achromatic corrector plates for Schmidt cameras and related optical systems”, Journal of Modern Optics, 40, No.7, 1395-1410, 1993. Artículo citado en: Patente Internacional titulada “Image Optical System”, Inventor: Nakano, Takayuki, Tamagawa, Yasuhisa, Publication Number: EP1195635 (A1), 2002-04-10, Applicant: Mitsubishi Electronic Corp (Japan). European Patent Office.

  • Martha Rosete-Aguilar and Jonathan Maxwell, “Design of achromatic corrector plates for Schmidt cameras and related optical systems”, Journal of Modern Optics, 40, No.7, 1395-1410, 1993. Artículo citado en: Chapter 8. Gonzalo Paez y Marija Strojnik en Handbook of Optical Engineering, edited by Daniel Malacara and B.J. Thompson, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York (2001).

  • Martha Rosete-Aguilar, “Correction of secondary spectrum using stardard glasses”, J.J. M. Braat editor. Glasgow, Scotland, UK., Proceedings EUROPTO series 2774, 378-386, (1996). Artículo seleccionado para su publicación en Selected papers on CD-ROM, Vol. 2, Lens Design, Donald C.O´Shea, editor (1998).